The SAM Project – Phase 4
The SAM Project Phase 4 builds on 10 years of implementation and aims to consolidate the remarkable progress towards responsible community mining within an enabling legal framework for Mongolia’s 60,000 artisanal miners and their dependents. It is also the culmination of more than 20 years of ASM projects by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation in four countries spanning two continents.
The SAM Project (Phase 4) seeks to transform Mongolia into an international knowledge hub for ASM Best Practice. The project’s development goal is “An economically sustainable, environmentally responsible and human rights-based ASM sector in Mongolia benefiting from, and contributing to, global best practice regarding artisanal and small-scale mining”. To progress towards this goal, the design of Phase 4 consists of three interconnected components associated with the following outcomes:
- Component 1: Human rights-based ASM policy and community mining. Human rights-based approaches are embedded in all aspects of artisanal mining in Mongolia, including enhanced capacity of the State to respect, protect and fulfill the rights of ASM stakeholders, with artisanal miners employing more socially and environmentally responsible practices.
- Component 2: Economic strengthening of all formal supply chain stakeholders. ASM mineral commodities’ contributions to economic strengthening and improved livelihoods at local, regional and national levels are enhanced and more visible, and involve all actors along the entire supply chain.
- Component 3: Knowledge-sharing and global ASM policy dialogue. Stakeholders in Mongolia contribute to, learn from and apply global and national best practices regarding ASM; Mongolia’s achievements garner national and international recognition; and Mongolia and SDC take prominent leadership roles in ASM internationally.
Mainstreaming human rights-based approaches is aimed at increasing capacity and transferring implementation to duty-bearers while empowering rights-holders to claim their rights. The implementation strategy addresses both duty-bearers and rights-holders. The strengthening of duty bearers will progressively increase their capacity to meet obligations, including support to ASM miners in the formalisation and implementation of best practices. Empowerment of the ASM Federation and key civil society organisations will result in the transfer of key SAM Project advocacy roles to rights-holders. The achievement of milestones will guide the gradual withdrawal of the project from direct interventions at the micro (community) level to the concentration of resources towards institutional strengthening at the meso (government, Federation) level, support for policy implementation at the macro level, and knowledge-sharing at the meta level.