Human rights-based ASM policy and community mining
Human rights-based approaches are embedded in all aspects of artisanal mining in Mongolia, including the enhanced capacity of the State to respect, protect and fulfill the rights of ASM stakeholders, with artisanal miners claiming their rights and employing more socially and environmentally responsible practices.
Sustainable ASM is reliant on the formalisation of government roles and responsibilities to advance ASM. Achievements in recent years have demonstrated that ASM can be a major driver of development, an important contributor to decent, safe and equitable employment, and an environmentally responsible member of the private sector. However, this transformation requires substantial emphasis on the obligations of the State and the capacity of rights-holders to assert their rights and meet their responsibilities. The project component associated with this outcome seeks to strengthen the legal, fiscal and institutional framework such that the State has the legal mandate and human, technical and financial capacity needed to advance responsible ASM through gender-responsive human rights-based approaches. The component also aims to empower ASM organisations, female and male miners, their families and communities to demand their human rights and improve the performance of ASM.
The outputs of the project contribute either directly or through “intermediary outcomes” to the project’s outcomes. Intermediary outcomes are introduced in some instances in which progress towards the project outcome demands a broader and more nuanced approach than “just” delivering defined outputs. Intermediary outcomes maintain the leanness of a logframe while holistically describing change processes.
The outputs of Component 1 (human rights-based ASM policy and community mining) are expected to contribute either directly or through intermediary outcomes to “Human rights-based approaches are embedded in all aspects of artisanal mining in Mongolia, including the enhanced capacity of the State to respect, protect and fulfill the rights of ASM stakeholders, with artisanal miners claiming their rights and employing more socially and environmentally responsible practices”.
- Legalisation and formalisation:
- Professionalisation and accountability:
- Health, welfare and equity:
- Grievances and conflict remediation:
ASM-related regulations, for which project partners are the competent authorities, have been revised, explicitly recognise human rights and are implemented.
An enabling legal and fiscal framework for ASM reflects the core principles of a human rights-based approach and progress has been made in realising the rights of miners and effectively institutionalising the duties of key ASM institutions.
Artisanal miners and their representative organisations have enhanced capacity to advocate for their rights.
Artisanal miners and their representative organisations are empowered to advocate for the respect, protection and fulfilment of human rights, including the rights of miners and those who may be affected environmentally.
Clear coordination, communication and capacity building structures and processes are formalised in key institutions that effectively advance the professionalisation of ASM.
The programs of project partners for improving workplace safety, social welfare and access to health and child care are operational.
Mechanisms to remedy human rights (including property) and mineral rights conflicts are established, and artisanal miners enjoy rights to safer workplaces, social welfare and improved access to health and child care, while gender concerns are explicitly integrated into ASM processes and decisions.